Research of the stability of buildings and structures to seismic oscillations in the city of Almaty
AbstractIn this paper, we estimate the stability of buildings and structures for seismic fluctuations in theAlmaty city, because frequent earthquakes threaten to life and health of population. In conditions ofconstant expansion and construction, we always must always worth considering the seismic resistanceof buildings, because threaten to life of population during earthquakes is the basis for the beginning oferection of structures. To remain unharmed among in the seismic zone. The aim is to study the conditionof buildings in Almaty on characteristics of seismic safety. Objectives of the study:
- study of common types of buildings in Almaty;- carrying out calculations of the stability of buildings;We used the method of analysis of the common types of buildings and structures of the city, measuringtheir resistance to seismic vibrations. This article shows the calculation of the stability levels ofbuildings in different parts of the city to seismic fluctuations. Data are given on the levels of design seismicresistance of most of the structures, possible indicators of their stability are calculated. As the resultsshowed, the stability of buildings and structures of the city directly depends on their location on the citymap, which is due to the reduction of seismic activity in the direction from the lower part to the upperone. According to the conclusion, it is necessary to increase the number of design organizations responsiblefor the quality of construction, as well as to use a different structure and approach to the erection ofbuildings in different parts of the city.