Review of the Astana process on the settlement of the Syrian crisis

  • А. Т. Темирбеков Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • А. Б. Каримова Al-Farabi Kazakh National University

Abstract

The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, in his annual message, on 5October 2018 said that: «The Astana process on Syria has become practically the only effective workingformat for negotiations on a peaceful settlement for solving the crisis in this country». The article isdevoted to the Astana process on the peaceful settlement of the military-political situation in Syria. Theproblem of research is topical for today, since efforts aimed at a peaceful resolution of the military andpolitical situation were taken from the very beginning of the street protests in Syria, but all attempts toregulate the problem before the Astana process were not successful. The seven-year military-politicalconflict in the SAR led the country to the largest humanitarian disaster of the 21st century, as about 5.0million Syrians became refugees. In this connection, the course of the Astana talks in chronological orderwas examined, in order to clarify its contribution to the settlement of this situation. Astana’s active assistancein the negotiations aimed at solving this problem was highly appreciated by the world’s leadingexperts. This process created favorable conditions for a political settlement based on the UN SecurityCouncil resolution. The creation of four zones of “de-escalation”, for the first time in history, managed to gather representatives of opposition groups and representatives of official Damascus at the same table,and also managed to collect the largest number of representatives of various opposition organizations.The article also outlines the positions of the countries involved in this conflict.
Published
2018-12-13
How to Cite
ТЕМИРБЕКОВ, А. Т.; КАРИМОВА, А. Б.. Review of the Astana process on the settlement of the Syrian crisis. Journal of Geography and Environmental Management, [S.l.], v. 50, n. 3, p. 14-22, dec. 2018. ISSN 2663-0397. Available at: <http://bulletin-geography.kaznu.kz/index.php/1-geo/article/view/586>. Date accessed: 21 jan. 2019.
Section
Physical, economic and social geography