Study of the prospects for the use of thermal insulation materials in construction

  • Е. Жaйлaуов Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • О. Зубовa Al-Farabi Kazakh National University

Abstract

The article describes the methodology and perspective of using energy-saving technologies in the construction of structures. The characteristics of thermal materials, such as density, strength, compressibility, water absorption, frost resistance, etc., have been implemented. General principles and types of thermal insulation are introduced. The use of thermal insulation materials is one of the most important methods of energy saving, and also has an important technological significance, allowing to reduce the thickness of structural elements. The types of heat-insulating materials (organic and inorganic origin) have been studied. These materials are the most effective since, the main feature is their high porosity and, consequently, low average density and low thermal conductivity. The use of heat-insulating materials in construction makes it possible to reduce the weight of structures, reduce the consumption of structural building materials (concrete, brick, wood, etc.) and that will achieve the most important goal of thermal insulation of building structures, this is the reduction in energy consumption for heating the building. Thermal insulation materials significantly improve comfort in living quarters. The main ways of heat loss in buildings and structures have been identified. The most important technical characteristic of thermal insulation materials is thermal conductivity – the ability of a material to transmit heat through its thickness, since it directly depends on the thermal resistance of the enclosing structure.
Published
2018-03-29
How to Cite
ЖAЙЛAУОВ, Е.; ЗУБОВA, О.. Study of the prospects for the use of thermal insulation materials in construction. Journal of Geography and Environmental Management, [S.l.], v. 47, n. 4, p. 63-75, mar. 2018. ISSN 1563-0234. Available at: <http://bulletin-geography.kaznu.kz/index.php/1-geo/article/view/437>. Date accessed: 21 sep. 2018.