Research of radiation background of industrial objects

  • Т. Шакиров West Kazakhstan Agrarian and Technical University named after Zhangir Khan
  • А. Ниязбекова West Kazakhstan Agrarian and Technical University named after Zhangir Khan
  • Д. Назарова West Kazakhstan Agrarian and Technical University named after Zhangir Khan
  • Н. Зайдолла «KazAeroNavigation»

Abstract

Because of the wide use of radioactive substances there is a threat of soil contamination with radionuclides.Sources of radiation – nuclear facilities, nuclear weapons testing, uranium mine waste. Potentialsources of radioactive contamination are accidents at nuclear installations. In the upper soil layer andconcentrate radioactive cesium and strontium, which enter the body of humans and animals.The accumulation of radionuclides in the environment in large quantities can lead to tragic situations.A large part of the radionuclides are in the soil, in its upper and lower layers, so their movementslargely depends on the types of soils, their granulometric composition and water-physical and agrochemical properties. The transfer speed depends on hydro-meteorological effects (wind speed andintensity of precipitation), topography, terrain, type of soil and plants and physico-chemical propertiesof the nuclides.Therefore it is necessary to carry out radiation monitoring of the environment.The article presents the results of a study of background radiation and the specific activity of the isotopecesium-137 near the industrial enterprises of Uralsk. The studies were conducted for each season ofthe year. The proposed pattern of change of the specific activity of the isotope cesium-137 in air, water,soil, plants nearby businesses.

Author Biographies

Т. Шакиров, West Kazakhstan Agrarian and Technical University named after Zhangir Khan
старший преподаватель, тел.: +7 701 849 53 97Кафедра «Химия и химическая технология», Казахстан, г. Уральск
А. Ниязбекова, West Kazakhstan Agrarian and Technical University named after Zhangir Khan
2кандидат химических наук, доцент, тел.: +7 778 330 88 16Кафедра «Химия и химическая технология», Казахстан, г. Уральск
Д. Назарова, West Kazakhstan Agrarian and Technical University named after Zhangir Khan
старший преподаватель, тел.: +7 747 377 42Кафедра «Химия и химическая технология», Казахстан, г. Уральск
Н. Зайдолла, «KazAeroNavigation»
магистр экологических наук, инженер Уральского филиала «КазАэроНавигация»,Казахстан, г. Уральск,  тел.: +7 747 640 94 58
Published
2017-12-08
How to Cite
ШАКИРОВ, Т. et al. Research of radiation background of industrial objects. Journal of Geography and Environmental Management, [S.l.], v. 45, n. 2, p. 135-143, dec. 2017. ISSN 1563-0234. Available at: <http://bulletin-geography.kaznu.kz/index.php/1-geo/article/view/390>. Date accessed: 17 jan. 2018.
Section
Геоэкология